Friday, 20 October 2017

ARURA.. THIYAGESA...THIYAGESAR, ARANERI TEMPLES AT THIRUVARUR – PART - I.

14th October 2017,
This was a planned temples visit in and around Thiruvarur organised by RATHAM for Prof. Madhusudhanan KalaiChelvan on 14th and 15th October 2017. Out of two days we had spent almost a day in Thiyagesar Temple. A temple is not only a worshipping place, but it has the treasure of culture, architecture, history, Heritage and so on. The temple complex is very large with many sannadhis. There is a saying that temple is 5 veli area, Temple tank is 5 Veli and Nandhavanam is also 5 veli area.

As a part of Padal Petra Sthalangal Visit, visited this temple earlier during March 2012  and had the dharshan of Sri Thiyagesar. There are two Padal petra sthalangal ( Thiyagesar and Araneri ) inside the temple premises.  Hope during 6th to 7th century most of the present shrines may not be there. Entered through the east  Rajagopuram built by the Chozha King Kulothunga –III. It was believed that the two statues in the Rajagopuram are Kulothunga-III and his guru. Prof. Madhusudhanan explained the History, statues in the first level and 2nd level and construction details. It is believed that the temple exists before Chozha period and even before Naalvar ( Thiruganasambandar, Appar, Sundarar and Manikavasakar ).  Sundarar in one of his hymn asks Thiyagesar, when did he came to Thiruvarur. 

a dancing girl at the centre with musicians on both sides  
Relief of elephant delivery and the other elephants are helping
Nandhi in Bhoodhavari

Purusha mirugam 




After a music treat at Thevasiriyar mandapam by Mr Bharat,  had  the dharshan of Lord Shiva Akileswarar at Araneri. Chembiyan Madevi had contributed for the pooja and it is believed that Araneri Temple was built by her.

Perumal dances before Vinayagar to get back his chakra





   The platform for preparing garland to Lord Shiva 

Moolavar Putridangonda Nathar is in the form of an Ant hill. ( The practice of worshipping ant hill started around 5000 to 8000 years before ). On the left side of sanctum is Thiyagesar Sannadhi. Somaskandar is worshiped as Thiyagesar. Only the faces of Shiva and Ambal can be seen and the rest are covered completely with flowers and Kandar will not be visible always. A Special parivattam cloth is being weaved by the local community especially  for Thiyagarajar.   This temple is one of the saptha Vidanga sthalam ( The Maragatha Lingam was given to this temple by Musukuntha chakaravarthy which he got it from Indran ). Since Lord Shiva’s visit to out side is unpredictable, Nandhi is always ready to accompany with him in standing posture. On the opposite to Thiyagesar, sannadhi for  Sundarar with Paravai Nachiyar and SeramanPeruman.  Poojas are conducted by a community called Nayinars, who only authorised to touch and do pooja. The Dwarabalakars are made of bronze looks cute. Prof Madhusudhanan pointed out that the space behind Thiyagesar, may be a room to keep the jewellery or may be a Sannadhi for Vishnu...?.  After the dharshan of Sri Thiyagesar we went around the sanctum, admiring the beauty of Rishabanthikar with Ambal, Vathabi Ganapathy and paintings around the sanctum. 


Kasukalanju Vinayagar
  
Nandhi in standing posture- ready to go with shiva

Vathabi ganapathy

Rishapanthakar
Ceiling painting around sanctum 
Ceiling painting around sanctum 
Ceiling painting around sanctum 
Ceiling painting around sanctum 
Inch sirpam of Mahishamardhini
Inch sirpam of Shiva Holding Ganga on his head

Next we had the dharshan of Sri Neelothpalambal and had seen the paintings drawn  during Maratha  period on the walls of  maha mandapam. We came across Vallabai Ganapathy, Kasukalanju Vinayagar ( a Chozha Bronze ), Vaathabi Ganapathy otherwise known as Kolukkattai Pillayar ( Brought from Vathabi, in memory of Kalinga Victory by Chozhas ) and every one has their own story. Some of the inscriptions  are Rajendran I, which speaks about the golden lamp gifted to this temple on his birth day of  Adi Thiruvathirai.
Maratha paintings on the walls of Sri Nelothpalambal Sannadhi mandapam 
Maratha paintings on the walls of Sri Nelothpalambal Sannadhi mandapam 
Maratha paintings on the walls of Sri Nelothpalambal Sannadhi mandapam 
Maratha paintings on the walls of Sri Nelothpalambal Sannadhi mandapam 
Maratha paintings on the walls of Sri Nelothpalambal Sannadhi mandapam 
Maratha paintings on the walls of Sri Nelothpalambal Sannadhi mandapam 
Maratha paintings on the walls of Sri Nelothpalambal Sannadhi mandapam 
Maratha paintings on the walls of Sri Nelothpalambal Sannadhi mandapam 
Maratha paintings on the walls of Sri Nelothpalambal Sannadhi mandapam 
.... to be Continued
---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---

Thursday, 19 October 2017

SRI KAYAROKANESWARAR TEMPLE, NAGAPATTINAM ALSO CALLED AS NAGAIKARONAM.

15th October 2017.
This temple visit was a part of  Thiruvarur temples visit organized by RATHAM for Prof. Madhusudhanan Kalaichelvan. And also my second visit to this temple within a gap of just 20 days. My First visit to this temple was a part of Padal Petra Sthalangal Dharshan during January 2013. 

A city developed  near to the sea shore is called as Pattinam, hence Nagai is being called as Nagapattinam.  The Nagapattinam was one of the Port during Chozha’s Period. The King Rajaraja had built a Buddhist Vihar "Chudamani  Vihar“ in tiers in which Buddha statues were installed in three postures.  The Buddhism was practiced  in those days  and there were lot of conflicts with Jainisam. The Pallava King Parameswara Varman  gave a solution that who ever wins can stay here in a competition. Buddhist lost and they moved to Srilanka during 10th Century. It was learnt that some of Buddhist were also converted to Muslims on sea coastal areas.  

The present Nagapattinam was called as Nagai karonam during Devara Moovar Period. This Shiva temple is the 199th Devaram Padal Petra shiva Sthalam. Moovar has sung hymns on Lord Shiva of this temple. Especially Sundarar asked Clothes made of Silk, jewelry studded with precious stones like Diamond, Emerald & pearl, Javvathu and Santhu from Lord Shiva of this temple. Ambal Neelayathakshi temple is a latter addition may be during 16th to 17th Century Vijayanagara Period.   Sri Muthusamy Dheekshithar has composed songs on Ambal of this temple. 

Prof Madhusudhanan explained  that there are different cults existed in worshiping Lord Shiva like Maakalam, Kapalikam, Lakuleesam, etc,. This Lakuleesam was practiced popularly in North India and Lakuleesar Statues are found in many parts of  North India. The basic principle of this cult is  to attain Lord Shiva’s feet with mortal body ( Kayam = காயம், உடம்பு human body ). It was believed that Pundarika Maharishi who practiced this Lakuleesa Pasupatham worshiped Lord Shiva of Kasi, Kanchipuram and Kumbakonam, where the Kayarokanam or Karonam temples are still exists. Hence this temple Shiva is called as Sri Kayarokaneeswarar.


Pundarika maharishi

Then he explained the Athipatha Nayanar, one of the 63 Nayanmars story. This is the birth place of Athipatha Nayanar, who belongs to fishermen’s community. He used to let the first fish caught, back in to the sea. Lord Shiva wants to test his bakthi and made a golden fish to be caught. Though the Nayanar has to survive with that day’s fish catch, he let the golden fish back in to the sea. Lord Shiva appeared before him and blessed him. This incidence is being celebrated as a festival every year and fishermen’s community used to participate from Various parts of the Tamil Nadu.  
   
 At the Rajagopuram entrance side wall.. the story of Markandeyar 


 Indiran worshiping Lord shiva


 At the Rajagopuram entrance side wall.. the story of  Kannappar 


 Paintings on the Ambal sannadhi wall marriage of Lord Shiva with Parvathy. 
 Paintings on the Ambal sannadhi wall marriage of Lord Shiva with Parvathy. 
Paintings on the Ambal sannadhi wall marriage of Lord Shiva with Parvathy. 

Sri Azhukuni Siddhar’s jeeva Samadhi

Mr Bharat has sung the Deavaram hymn composed by Sundarar and  Muthusamy Dheekshithar’s  song on Ambal.

---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---