Thursday, 30 July 2015

GANGAIKONDA CHOLAPURAM

29th July 2015.
Every time passing through this temple, I thought of visiting this Shiva temple standing majestically on the high way  between Jayamkondam to Chennai. Finally I made it on 28th July 2015. Purposely I planned my travel from Thirukadavur to Chennai during day time, so that I can visit this temple. For this I diverted the route  via Kumbakonam, instead  of Chidambaram, to reach this place. 

This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This is the replica temple of Tanjore Brakatheswarar temple, but not very much similar. The awesome and majestic gopuram attract our eyes from a long distance. This was once a capital for Chozhas and now there is no trace of palace or buildings around the temple
Iraivan : Sri Brahadeeswarar
Iraivi    : Sri Braha Nayaki, Sri Periya Nayaki.
Some of the important features of this temple are……  
  1. The temple is facing east with a Rajagopuram ( only pillars are exist now with dwrabalakars at front.
  2. Dwajasthamba pedestal, Palipeedam and Big Nandhi are at the entrance to the temple.
  3. In the outer prakaram ( beautifully maintained lawn ) houses the sannadhis of Vinayagar, Sri Periya Nayaki Amman sannadhi, Sandikeswarar and Mahisasuramardhini Sannadhi. In addition to this there is a shrine with out Deity on the left, a mandapam and Simha well are on the right.
  4. There are 4 entrances to the sanctum of which 2 are in front and 2 are at the side after mandapam
  5. There is a small nandhi when we climbed the stairs at the front. The mandapam with pillars are before sanctum. In the mandapam, Shiva with three faces Urchavars and Sabtha mathakkal. A huge un installed kalasam is kept along with urchavars.
  6. There is a passage/ corridor  around moolavar sannadhi ( Sivachariyar allowed me to circumambulate through that passage ).
  7. Moolavar is not so big like Tanjore Periya Koil.
  8. In the koshtam Some of the moorthams are Vinayagar, Dhakshinamurthy, Arthanareeswarar, Natarajar, Vishnu, aalingna moorthy, Chandrasekarar, Pichadanar, Gajalakshmi, etc.
The excerpts given below are taken from the display board kept at Archeological Survey Of India’s Office at Gangaikonda Cholapuram periya temple.

Name : Periya Kovil ( Big temple )
Main Deity : Peruvudayar ( Brahadeeswara – Big owner)
Consort : Perianayaki ( Big Deity)
Established : 1025 C.E.

Place Meaning : Gangai ( Ganges of Himalayas ) konda ( Conquered)  Cholapuram ( Chola Place ).

Built by : Rajendra Chola the great, also titled as Parakesari ( supreme furer), Mummudi Cholan ( of 3 crowns), Gangaikonda Cholan, Kadaram Kondan,..etc.

Resemblance : Built as replica  of the big templeof Thanjavur, built by his father Raja Raja ( king of kings ).

Height : 182 feet ( 55 meters) and shorter than the Tanjore temple tower with larger plinth. It is often described as feminine counterpartof Tanjore temple.

Architecture : Dravidian Architecture. ( an engineering marvel as the shadow of the main granite tower never falls on the ground throughout the year).

Significance : Was the capital city of South India and South-east Asia Extension.

Background: Rajendra Chola i(1012 to 1044 A.D) the son of the great Raja Raja Chola-I,  Considered one of the greatest emperors and military leaders of India, established this temple after his great victorious march to Himalayan river Ganges in northern India. He defeated Mahipala, the Pala King of Bengal and Bihar and commemorate his victory he built a new city called Gangaikonda Cholapuram. The triumphant Chola armies brought back waters from the river Ganges in golden vessels to consecrate the new found land.

Gangaikonda Cholapuram was established as the capital of Chola  Empire by Rajendra Chola-I, shifting the traditional capital from Thanjavore ( Tanjore). It occupies an important place in the history of India. As the  capital of the Cholas from about 1025 C.E, for about 250 years, the city controlled the affairs of entire south India and also South-East Asian Countries, including Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Coastal Burma, Kadaram ( Kedah in Malaysia) and Indonesia.

The Cholos became one of the most powerful dynasties in Asia during Rajendra’s reign  and Bay of Bengal became virtually a Chola lake. Rajendra’s territories extended to coastal Burma, the Andaman Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Maldives, conquered the Kings of Sri Vijaya ( Sumatra, Java and Malay Peninsula in south east Asia) and the Pegu islands with his vast fleet of ships. The Tamil Chola armies exacted tribute from Thailand and Khmer Kingdom of Cambodia. Tanjore inscriptions also state that Suryavarman, the king of Kambhojia ( Cambodia ) requesting  Rajendra’s help in defeating enemies of his Khemer kingdom, where the state emblem and world’s largest non-functioning Hindu Ankorwat temple still stands today ( Srirangam is currently the largest functioning temple).

Rajendra Chola I, under took several expeditions to occupy territories outside Indian shores. In-fact Rajendra Chola I, was the Indian King to take his armies overseas and make conquests of these territories, even though there is epigraphical evidence of Deccan Dynasty of Pallava’s presence and their Tamil scribes in these South-east areas, but it is not known that Burma and Indo-China were subordinate to them as they were under Rajendra and his successor Rajadhi raja up to Kulothunga I. When the capital of Cholas moved to Chidambaramn, until then all the Chola emperor’s coronation took place at Gangaikonda Cholapuram.
The temple and it’s property belongs to Archeological Survey of India and UNESCO.
CONTACT DETAILS :
  1. The mobile number is +91 9751341108
TEMPLE TIMINGS:’
  1. The temple is kept open between 06.00 Hrs to12.00 Hrs and 16.00 Hrs to 20.00 Hrs
HOW TO REACH:
  1. The temple is on Jayamkondam to Chennai Road about 10 KM from Jayam kondam and 2 KM from X-road.
  2. Autos are available from Jayamkondam and X-road.
  3. Buses also available from Kumbakonam to Jayamkondam via X-Road and passes through the temple.  
LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE :CLICK HERE

Front view
Nandhi - big 
Dwarapalakas
Small nandhi and big nandhi from temple view 
 Reliefs on the sanctum wall inside
Sapthamathakkal


 Vinayagar sannadhi
 Temple complex view

 Mahisasuramardhini temple
 Temple complex view
Simha theertham 
 South side entrance
North side entrance
Three ladies
 Pikchadanar & Gajalakshmi
 
 Vishnu & Arthanareeswarar
 Aalingna moorthy
Natarajar
Lord Shiva with Parvathy
--- OM SHIVAYA NAMA ---

SRI RAMANADHESWARA TEMPLE ( SRI RAMASWAMY TEMPLE ) – AT THIRUKADAVUR

29th July 2015.
This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva near Thirukadavur bus stop on the Mayiladuthurai to Karaikal main road. The temple is under the control of HRCE Department, under one kala Pooja scheme. On Monday 27th July 2015 I had the chance of peeping inside the temple. It was a scary experience to enter in to the sanctum. Lot of bats flying inside the temple and banyan and Peepal trees were grown on the temple. The roots came through the ceiling and walls. The temple is in a dilapidated condition and may crumble down at any time.

One kala Pooja is conducted regularly and kept open in the evening. Oil lamps are burnt in side the sanctum. The temple is facing west and Ambal is facing south. The mandapam is of vavval nethi type of architecture.  We cannot circumambulate the temple, completely covered with thick vegetation growth. 

Why and what for Lord Shiva is waiting ? Can any one hear the cry of this temple. Who was chosen to carry out the thirupani to this temple ?. HRCE is wasting money in many ways, why they cannot spend  some money to rebuild this temple? Let us pray Lord shiva to answer. 
The temple view from Main road   
 Moolavar sannadhi with vavval nethi mandapam 
 Ambal sannadhi
 Tree’s roots pierced through ceiling
Tree’s roots pierced through ceiling
Tree’s roots on the south side wall 
--- OM SHIVAYA NAMA ---

THIRUKADAVUR MAYANAM, SRI MARKANDEYA SWAMY TEMPLE AND SRI KARAIKAL AMMAYAR TEMPLE AT KARAIKAL

29th July 2015
One again it was a memorable trip to Thirukadavaur on 26th July 2015 to 28th July 2015.   Sri Karaikal Ammayar Temple at Karaikal, Sri Markandeya Swamy temple at Thirukadavur and Sri Brahadeswarar temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram are the new temples covered in this visit. 
THIRUKADAVUR
On 27th July 2015, participated in the arthajama Pooja  and Palliyarai Pooja. Thank God, it was a wonderful experience. During both pooja times followed the archakar and Temple  Nathaswara vidhvans  from Amirtha Kadesar Sannadhi to Sri Abiramai Amman Sannadhi and back to Shiva’s Sannadhi.  The rituals followed by the Sivachariayar has to be appreciated.    Neivethiya Prasadam was distributed after the both poojas.  Hot milk was also distributed after Palliyarai Pooja.  After Palliyarai pooja, poojas are performed at Sandikeswarar Sannadhi and lastly at Bairavar Sannadhi. It was explained that before closing the temple account is submitted to Sri Sandikeswarar and  safeguarding the temple was handed over to Bairavar.  About 5 devotees, attended the poojas. I must say the 5 blessed souls are participated in the poojas.  I do not know, I might have  done some punyam during my earlier birth to attend such great temple poojas.

 The entrance arch
West side entrance Rajagopuram 
The Details of my earlier Posts :CLICK HERE 

THIRUKADAVUR MAYANAM
At Thirukadavur visited the Thirukadavur Mayanam temple also. This is my second visit to this temple. During my earlier visit the temple was preparing for the Kumbhabhishekam. The details of this temple are posted in my earlier post ( CLICK HERE ). Lot of improvement works has been carried out. Here too I was the only person worshiped lord shiva  during my visit. This time I was able to see the ‘Villenthiya Velan’ Sri Valli devasena Subramaniyar holding  bow  on his left hand.

The entrance arch 
 Rajagopuram with Nandhi mandapam & Palipedam
 Moolavar Vimanam  
Moolavar Vimanam & Dhakshinamurthy sannadhi 
Ambal sannadhi entrance 
Villenthiya Velan- வில் ஏந்திய வேலன் 
Old paintings on the ceiling in front of Villenthiya velan sannadhi and mandapam.

SRI MARKANDEYA SWAMY  TEMPLE.
For this temple and the above Thirukadavur Mayanam temple, hired an auto from Thirukadavur. This temple is on the way to Thiruvidaikazhi from Thirukadavur. The place is called T.Manal Medu. This is only place where sannadhi is for Markandeyar, for whom Lord Shiva hicked Emadharman and increased his life.
Iraivan : Sri Mirukandu Eswarar
Iraivi     : Sri Maruthuvathy Ambal
Some of the important features of this temple are….
  1. The temple is facing east with a three tier Rajagopuram. Dwajasthambam, palipedam and Nandhi are after the entrance.
  2. In the prakaram sannadhi for Bala Anjeneyar., Sri Vinayagar, Sri Shunmuga Subramaniyar, Gajalakshmi, sandikeswarar, Saba mandapam, Navagrahas, Bairavar, Suryan and Chandran..
  3. In koshtam Dhakshinamurthy, Lingothbavar, Brahma and Vishnu Durgai.
  4. In the sanctum mandapam Sannadhi for Ambal facing south and Sri Markandeya swamy. Both moolavar and Urchavar are side by side. It is a practice that every devotee is tied with turban – Parivattam in front of Sri Markandeya swamy.
  5. Pillayar sannadhis are  under Neem and Pepal Tree. Also there is a sannadhi for Irattai Pillayar. It was believed that if one circumambulate 18 times and worship Vinayagar, his wishes will be fulfilled.
CONTACT DETAILS :
  1. Sri Viswanatha Gurukkal 8489238904 and 04364 287461 and 287325.
TEMPLE TIMINGS:
  1. The temple is kept open between 08.30 Hrs to 13.30 Hrs and 17.00 Hrs to 20.30 Hrs
HOW TO REACH:
  1. The temple is on the way to Thiruidaikazhi – one of the Devara Vaipu sthalam and the place is called as T. Manal Medu 3 KM off main road.
  2. The temple can be reached through Auto  from Thirukadavur and they will charge around Rs 100.00
LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE :CLICK HERE


 Moolavar Sanctum with Sandikeswarar sannadhi
   Moolavar Sanctum with Sandikeswarar sannadhi

Pillayar sannadhi under Neem and Pepal tree
Irattai Pillayar

PALLAVANEECHARAM – PATTINATHAR TEMPLE
Previous day of  starting to Thirukadavur learned that 10 days Pattinathar  Thiruvizha celebration  is in progress  at Poombuhar through one of my friend. I could not get more details. Thought of attending the same. It was about 15 KM from Thrikadavur via  the place called karuvi.  I got a copy of the notice  of the celebration. The program on Sunday was ‘ Akka veedu Koluthuthal’.  The time of the program was not mentioned. So tried my luck, if it ends before 22.00 Hrs, I can return to Thirukadavur otherwise return to Thirukadavur.  On reaching Poombuhar worshiped Pattinathar in the temple Pallavaneecharam Shiva temple. This is one of the Padal Devara Petra  shiva sthalam and I had visited earlier ( For my earlier post CLICK HERE ).  The temple is also called as Pattinathar Kovil.  ( Which I had not noticed earlier. ). Learned that the Pattinathar Thiruvizha  - ‘Akka Veedu Koluthuthal ‘ program will starts only after 22.00 Hrs.  Since there is  no transport available from Poombuhar after 22.00 Hrs, returned back to Thirukadavur with a disappointment.

Pattinathar Temple ( Pallavaneecharam Shiva Temple ) entrance arch
 Pattinathar and Karikal Cholan sudhai Sirpangal
Kannaki and Kovalan sudhai sirpangal
Moolavar Vimanam 

KARAIKKAL AMMAYAR TEMPLE  - Sri SOMANAYAKI SAMEDHA SRI SOMANATHAR TEMPLE  

During my earlier visit to Karaikal, missed  to worship Karaikkal Ammayar. This temple is on Bharathiyar Street ie about a kilometre  from bus stand. On reaching the temple, came to know that the annual month long Mangani thiruvizha is in progress. Lot of shops were erected in front of the temple. Actual Mangani Thiruvizha was over  during first week of July 2015. Had the dharshan of Karaikal Ammayar and Lord Shiva.

It was pleasant surprise, when I met one of the Sivanadiyar -an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva – we used to call her as Karaikal Ammayar. I met her during our tour to Sri Lanka. She only recognized and say hello to me.  Appreciated her memory  of not forgetting me  even 2 years after  the tour.
Iraivan : Sri Somanathar
Iraivi    : Sri Soma nayaki
Some of the Important features of this temple are…..
  1. The temple facing east  a 3 tier Rajagopuram with separate entrances for Karaikal ammayar sannadhi and main temple
  2. In  front mandapam on the left sannadhi for Sri Karaikkal Ammayar and Vinayagar. Story of Karaikal Ammayar was painted around the sanctum wall.
  3. At the entrance dwajasthambam palipedam and Nandhi
  4. In the outer prakaram sannadhi for Vinayagar, Sri Valli Devasena Subramaniyar, Gajslakshmi, Bbairavar, Sani bhagavan, Suryan,  Chandran  and Sandikeswarar
  5. In koshtam Vinayagar Dhakshinamurthy, Lingothbavar,  Brahma and Durgai 
  6. In arthamandpam sannadhi for Soma Nayaki, facing south. Natarajar saba and Aadipura amman.
  7. Moolavar is short and facing east.
  8. There is thriukulam beautifully maintained with a Neerazhi mandapam at the centre.
  9. Near By are Sri Kailasanathar Temple and a Perumal Temple
CONTACT DETAILS:

  1. Venkatesa gurkkal may be contacted over his mobile 9442430753
  2. Office 9443786774 and 04368222717

TEMPLE TIMINGS :
  1. The temple is kept open between 6.00 Hrs to 11.00 Hrs and 16.00 Hrs to 20.00 hrs
HOW TO REACH :
  1. About 1.5 KM from Karaikal Bus stand on Bharathiyar Street.
LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE :CLICK HERE
 The entrance Rajagopuram

 Moolavar Vimanam
 Moolavar Vimanam
 Thirukulam
 Perumal temple 
 Karaikal Ammayar Sannadhi sanctum wall paintings
 Karaikal Ammayar Sannadhi sanctum wall paintings
 Karaikal Ammayar Sannadhi sanctum wall paintings
Karaikal Ammayar Sannadhi sanctum wall paintings

--- OM SHIVAYA NAMA ---