Wednesday, 20 January 2016

JYOTIRLINGA TEMPLES / STHALANGAL

 A Jyotirlinga or Jyotirling or Jyotirlingam Sanscrit:ज्योतिर्लिङ्ग), (Devanagiri ज्योतिर्लिंग) is a devotional object representing the Supreme God  Shiva. Jyoti means 'radiance' and lingam the 'Image or Sign' of Shiva; Jyotir Lingam thus means the The Radiant Sign of The Almighty Siva. There are 64 Jothir linga sthalam of which  twelve traditional Jyotirlinga shrines are believed to be most auspicious and holy in  India.

It is believed that Lord Shiva first manifested himself as a Jyotirlinga on the night of the Arudra nakshatra in the form of jothi ie as column of fire piercing through the earth after he reaches a higher level of spiritual attainment.

According to Siva Mahapurana once Brahma (the god of creation) and Vishnu (the form of God during Preservation) had an argument over supremacy of creation.  To settle the debate, Supreme God Shiva pierced the three worlds appearing as a huge Infinite column of Light. ( The Jyotirlinga which later cooled into the Holy Mountain Annamalai,  on which the Temple of Arunachaleshwara is located). Vishnu in the form of varaha and Brahma in the form anna bird, split their ways to downwards and upwards respectively to find the end of the light in either directions. Brahma lied that he found out the end and asked Thalam poo ( a flower ) to give witness to Shiva, while Vishnu accepted his defeat.  After this debate Shiva cursed that Brahma will not be worshiped in a separate temple and the flower Thalampoo should not be offered for worship. The Jothirlinga in all Shiva Temple are worshiped in the form of Lingothbavar just back side of Sanctum.

Sanskrit Sloka
The following sloka (द्वादश ज्योतिर्लिंग स्तोत्रम् Dvādaśa Jyotirliga Stotram) describes the 12 Jyotirlingas:

In Sanskrit
Saurāṣṭre Somanātha ca Śrīśaile Mallikārjunam
Ujjayinyā Mahākālam Omkāram Mamleśhwaram
Paraly Vaidyanātha cha ākinyā Bhīmaśhakaram
Setubandhe tu Rāmeśa Nāgeśha Dārukāvane
Vārāasyā tu Viśveśa Tryambaka Gautamītae
Himālaye tu Kedāra Ghuśmeśa ca Śivālaye
etāni jyotirligāni sāya prāta pahennara
saptajanmakta pāpa smaraena vinaśyati
karmakayo bhavettasya yasya tuṣṭo maheśvarā

In DEvanagiri ( Hindi )
सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथं श्रीशैले मल्लिकार्जुनम्।
उज्जयिन्यां महाकालमोङ्कारममलेश्वरम्॥
परल्यां वैद्यनाथं डाकिन्यां भीमशङ्करम्।
सेतुबन्धे तु रामेशं नागेशं दारुकावने॥
वाराणस्यां तु विश्वेशं त्र्यम्बकं गौतमीतटे।
हिमालये तु केदारं घुश्मेशं शिवालये॥
एतानि ज्योतिर्लिङ्गानि सायं प्रातः पठेन्नरः।
सप्तजन्मकृतं पापं स्मरणेन विनश्यति॥
एतेशां दर्शनादेव पातकं नैव तिष्ठति।
कर्मक्षयो भवेत्तस्य यस्य तुष्टो महेश्वराः॥:

In Engilish
Somanath in Saurashtra and Mallikarjunam in Shri-Shailam;
Mahakaal in Ujjain, Mamleshwar in Omkareshwar;
Vaidyanath in Parali and Bhimashankaram in Dakinya;
Ramesham (Rameshwaram) in Sethubandh, Nagesham in Daruka-Vana;
Vishwa-Isham (Vishvanath) in Vanarasi, Trimbak on bank of the river Gautami;(Godavari)
Kedar ( Khedharnath ) in Himalayas and Grushnesh (Gushmeshwar) in Shivalaya ( Shiwar ).
One who recites these Jyotirlingas every evening and morning
is relieved of all sins committed in past seven lives.
One who visits these, gets all his wishes fulfilled
and one's Karma gets eliminated as Maheshwara gets satisfied to the worship.
  
SL NO

GOD AND GODESS

PLACE

LOCATION
1
Somnath
Gujrat
2
Mallikarjuna
Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh
3

Mahakaleswarar
Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
4

Omkareswarar
Madhya Pradesh  
5
Khethareswarar
Khadharnath, Utrakhand  

6
Sri Bhimashankar
Bhimashankar
Pune, Maharastra

7
Viswanath
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
8
Sri Trimbakeswarar
Tryambakeswarar
Nashik, Maharastra

9
Sri Vaidyanath ( Sri Vijnath in Marathi )
Vaidyanath
Parli, in Beed district, Maharastra

10
Sri Nagnath
Aundha Nagnath
Aundha, Hingoli district, Maharastra

11
Sri Parvathavardhini Samedha Sri Ramanatheeswarar
Rameshwar
Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu

12
Sri Ghrishneshwar or Sri Ghusmeshwar
Ghrishneshwar
Ellora near Aurangabad, Maharastra

--- OM SHIVAYA NAMA ---

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