Friday, 17 November 2017

GANDA MATHAPPA SHIVA TEMPLE, NEITHALAPURAM, THALAVADI – A HERITAGE VISIT.

04th November 2017.
Visit to this Ganda Mathappa Shiva  temple was a part of Thalavadi Heritage Visit and Thalavadi is on the way from Erode to Mysore via Bannari on the western Ghats. This temple is little off from the main road in the midst of forest. The approach to the temple is through mud road laid up to a check dam build to store water for the animals to drink. During our visit the road was washed away by the recent rain and at one point the driver refused to drive the vehicle beyond that. We got down and removed boulders which obstructs the path and continued up to the temple.  It was told that the wild animals used to roam in this area and drink water in the check dam and the pond behind the temple.

Finally reached the temple. The Shiva temple is facing east, with out a vimana and nandhi is sitting in front. Above Nandhi a pandal was erected. Observed that lot of Iron bells  were hanging from the roof. Mr John Peter, former archeologist told that, this sort of bells unearthed near the temple in large numbers.  Hope this might have been offered to Shiva, to protect their cattle   from wild animals.  Happened to see deer on the way and near the check dam. Thanks to John for this wonderful heritage Visit.


 Iron bells offered to Lord Shiva hanging from the roof of the shed / pandal 
 Iron bells offered to Shiva are hanging from the roof of the shed / pandal 


 The mud road which leads to the temple from main road 

 Old damaged iron bells

 A Pond behind the temple

 Check dam 

---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---

Thursday, 16 November 2017

HERO STONES ( PIULI KUTHI NADUKARKAL – புலிகுத்தி சதி நடுகற்கள் ), IN AND AROUND THALAVADI – A HERITAGE VISIT.

04th November 2017.
This heritage visit on 04th November 2017, was mainly focused on Hero stones and Sati Stones in and around Thalavadi, a part of western ghats. This place was once a dense forest and wild animals like lion, tiger, pigs, Boar,  Elephants lives in this area. ( even now the villages used to erect electric fences around their houses and the fields ).  These wild animals used to damage the fields, attack & eat  domestic animals and even human beings lives in the hamlets. To save the domestic animals the villagers used to fight with them and some times they die in the process. A hero stone used to be erected in remembrance of the person who died. These are called the Hero stones and Pulikuthi kal is that one erected  for the hero who died after killing a Tiger. During this Visit we had seen 3 Pulikuthi hero stones of 3 tiers of this two are Sati Hero stones.
  
Kumparakalankadu Pulikuthi Sati stone: This nadu kal is of three tiers. In the lower level the Hero shown with a spear killing a tiger with his wife on the left side ( The hero’s wife might have ends her life in the funeral fire. In the middle level both husband and wife are taken to the heaven by the angels, who are holding the samara. In the top level. Both husband wife are paring Lord Shiva. Chandran and Suyan are also shown in the top level. This is indicate this should be maintained till the Moon and Sun exists.

Matheswararn Temple Pulikuthi Sati Stone:  This Hero pulikuthi Sati stone is also of three levels. Similar to the previous  Kumparakalankadu Pulikuthi Sati stone, both husband and wife are shown in the first level. In the second level only the hero alone taken to the heaven by the angels. In the third level, only the Hero is shown worshipping Livalingam with Nandhi.

The Matheswararn Temple. A Stucco Nandhi is on the entrance arch instead of  Gopuram

Thottapuram Pulikuthi Stone:  This Pulikuthi stone is installed inside a kalveedu ( stone house ). This is also of three levels. In the lower level the hero is shown with a spear killing a male tiger ( the testicles are shown distinctively ). In the Second level the hero is taken to the heaven by the two angels. In the top level  the hero is shown worshiping  Shiva Linga and nandhi in sitting posture. In addition to this there is also a person male/ female in standing position, which is not much clear.

   Stone houses – the outer two has the Hero stones of which one is a Pulikuthi Nadukal.
---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---

Wednesday, 15 November 2017

A SATI STONE AND CAIRN CIRCLES AT NEITHALAPURAM, THALAVADI – A HERITAGE VISIT.

04th November 2017.
After the visit to Marur, Mr John Peter, former archaeologist took us to Neithalapuram and showed us the stone age burial sites and a Sati stone.

The sati stone is of three tiers. In the lower tier a war scene is shown. In that a lady is shown with her hand in raised position. The lady might have died due to hitting of two arrows and a sword or an arrow on her head.  She may belongs to a royal family since, a man is holding an umbrella. On her right  may be her husband with a sword on his right hand and a shield on his left hand. In the middle tier the lady is shown with angels, who are taking her to the heaven. In addition to this two men seated on  horse on both sides. In the third level the lady is seated with a man holds an umbrella above her head  and  her hands in worshipping posture. Shiva Linga & Nandhi and the hero in standing posture are also shown in the third level.    

As per Mr John Peter the sati stone may belongs to 16th century Vijayanagara period. A three tier sati stone with a lady in sitting posture is a rare one as per archaeologists.




 ---OM SHIVAYA NAMA--- 

Tuesday, 14 November 2017

HERO STONE, CHEKKU AND CAIRN CIRCLES AT MARUR, THALAVADI – A HERITAGE VISIT

04th November 2017.
Planned to attend Kumbhabhishekam of Sri Veeramathi Amman, our Kula Theivam on 3rd November 2017 and visit some of the heritage sites near Erode on 04th November 2017. After boarding the Taxi, on 04th November 2017, suddenly the plan was changed to visit Hero stones at Thalavadi. It was one of my long time wish to visit  Thalavadi, a heritage treasure land. Due to traffic jam on the way we are able to reach Thalavadi around 10.00 hrs. Mr John Peter, an ex archaeologist took us to the un explored areas to see the Hero stones and sati stones. One such place is  Merur, Erode dairy’s milk chilling plant complex at Thalavadi area.

On one side of the complex we had seen a two level Hero stone. In the first level 3 warriors with sword on the right hand & kedayam on the left and three  warriors  are shown for their support with sword and bow. In the second level these three warriors are taken to heaven by the angels ( Deva kanniyars with samaram ).  The top portion was found partially broken. In general these type of Hero stones will have the third level in which Shiva Linga with nandhi are shown. This two level hero stone is a rare one with out Shiva Linga and Nandhi.  This Hero stone does not have any inscription also. The hero stone may belongs to 16th century as per the experts.



In the same complex we had seen a Chekku ( to extract oil from seeds ) to a height of about 4 feet.  The complex also has the Cairn circles, iron slag and the sangam period mud pot pieces. These materials indicates that the ancient people lived in and around this place.

Chekku 

the paper cuttings of our Visit
---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---

Monday, 13 November 2017

TIPPU SULTAN's CONNECTION WITH THALAVADI, THALAVADI – A HERITAGE VISIT.

04th November 2017.
In the ancient times the Egyptians   and Romans  traded with Tamil Nadu through  sea ports like Thondi, Musuri  and the  Palakkad Passage of Western Ghats. This route is called as Rajakesari Trading route.  The Trading route splits in to three from Palakkad passage. The east side route  goes to Poombukar  through Chera’s Capital Karur and Chozhas Capital Urayur.  The second route goes to Madurai Via Pollachi and Palani.  The third route goes to Mysore via Mettupalayam, Bhavani Sagar, Thengumarataa,  Thalavadi and Samraj nagar.

This third route was used by Tippusultan  after relaying from his capital Srirangapattinam to Mettupalayam, hence called as Tippu Sultan road. It was also told that Tippusultan travelled from Srirangapattinam to Sathyamangalam in half an hour time ( May not be possible ). Tippu constructed some Mosques on the route and one such mosque exists at Thalavadi till date. ( Will be written in a separate post ).

On both side of the roads banyan trees were planted. Now these trees covers the approximate width of 30 to 40 feet road. While relaying lot of villages were evacuated.  This route from Srirangapattinam to Sathyamangalam passes through thick forest and part of the road is open to public  now and Display board as Sultan Road also erected.

There are many remains of of Tippu Sultan in Kongu Mandalam. In remembrance of Tippusultan, a road was named after Sultan Road at Punjai Puliampatti and  Two Villages are named as Tultan Pettai near Palladam and Mangalam Tiruppur. There is also a Mosque at Coimbatore where Tippu Sultan prayed.   

This Sthyamangalam forest is  also declared as Tiger reserve forest.  It is essential to get permission from the forest Department to venture in to the forest area.






It was told that a mosque exists at Thalavadi, built by Tippu Sultan and showed us a glass framed letter. We took a photo of the same and  verified with urudhu language known experts. The letter was a thanks letter written to S M Muhamed Khan Allahuthalla by the Thalavadi muslims for the construction of the Mosque and not having connection with Tippu Sultan. The Photo says that,  Initially Janab Allahuthala gave Rs 5000 before going to haj yathra for construction of this Mosque. The Locals of Thalavadi collected an amount of Rs 7848 and  found this amount many not be sufficient complete the Mosque. So the locals  gave the money collected to Allahuthala and  asked him to take the responsibility of completing  the mosque.  The Mosque belongs to early 20th century.  


---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---

Friday, 10 November 2017

THE REMAINS OF CHOZHA EMPIRE AT THIRUVELLARAI AND THIRUVANAIKAVAL – A TRICHY SRIRANGAM HERITAGE WALK.

05th November 2017.
This is the last post of my series of posts on Trichy heritage walk arranged by “The Chozha Mandala varalaru Thedal Kuzhu”. After the dharshan of Sri Pundarikaksha Perumal at Thiruvellarai, we went to the Swastika Well dug during 9th century Pallava period. While group people are busy in taking photographs at Swastika well, Mr Periyaswamy took me to the abandoned dilapidated temple. Had seen Thavvai Statue, which was under worship during Chozha period. Why the worship was discontinued after their period is not know. But of the Thavvai Statues are still under worship in some of the temples in the name of Moothevi.  We had seen some Hero stones and Lady statues also.

LOCATION:CLICK HERE
Thavvai Statue 



Hero stone

Hero stone



SRI JUMBUKESWARAR TEMPLE, THIRUVANAIKAVAL, TIRUCHY.
This is the second visit to this temple after the Padal Petra Sthalangal Visit and the details are posted earlier in this blog. This temple’s visit was planned before lunch, but couldn’t do so for want of time. It was around 19.00 hrs when we reached the temple. Dr. Udhya Shankar and Thiru Selvaraj Nayakkavadiyar  explained the salient features of the temple and the legend of Sri Jambukeswarar temple. Had seen the Chozha Period Natarajar, Somaskandar and Urchavars.  We had the opportunity of  seeing the Golden Chariot also. While we are leaving the west side Rajagopuram, happened to see a Navakanda sirpam, erected for a warrior who sacrificed him self for a good cause. May be for the temple or for the Chozha Kings wellbeing.   

LOCATION:CLICK HERE
Chozha Period Natarajar

Golden Chariot

Navakanda / Arikanda  Statue
---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---

Thursday, 9 November 2017

SWASTIKA WELL, THIRUVELLARAI, NEAR THIRUCHIRAPPALLI - A HERITAGE WALK.

05th November 2017.
One of the main attraction of this Trichy, Srirangam Heritage Walk is the Swastika Well, at Thiruvellarai close to Sri Pundarikaksha Perumal Temple. This well digging work was started during the 4th year rule of Pallava King Dhanthivarman (800AD) and completed in his 5th year rule to a depth of about 35 feet and with 45 steps. The well was dug by Alambakkathu Vijayanallulan thambi ( brother ) Kamban Aryan.  The well is also called as “Marbidigu Kinaru”. The well was reconstructed during 13th century by Posala ( may be Hoysala ) Veeraramanathan's period a Kudanthai ( Kumbakonam ) vanikan ( Merchant ) Uyyaneri kaattinaan. 

The bottom of the well can be approached from four directions with a L shape steps. This shape shortens the length of the steps and make easy climb up and down.  The four arms of the steps joins the side of the well forms the shape of  symbol Swastik. Swastika is considered as a sign of good fortune came from ancient Aryans. ( This symbol was also adopted by Hitler, the dictator of Germany ).  During our visit there was no water inside the well and we could climb down up the bottom.  The well is  being maintained by the Tamilnadu Archaeological Department.  The steps has two intermediate supports with reliefs of hindu deities.

On the east side parapet semi circular wall rail stone blogs, has two Tamil inscriptions.  One is in the form of text and the other is in the form of poem. The Tamil version of the inscriptions and the meanings  are as follows.

THE INSCRIPTION – 1.

ஸ்வஸ்தி ஸ்ரீ பாரத்வாஜ கோத்ரத்தின் வழித்தோன்றிய பல்லவ திலத குலோத்பவன் தந்திவர்மற்கு யாண்டு நான்காவது எடுத்துக்கொண்டு ஐந்தாவது முற்றுவித்தான் அலம்பாக்க விஷையநல்லுளான் தம்பி கம்பன் அரையன் திருவெள்ளரைத் தென்னூர்ப் பெருங்கிணறு இதன் பியர் மார்ப்பிடுங்குப்பெருங்கிணறென்பது இது ரட்சிப்பார் இவ்வூர் மூவாயிரத்தெழு நூற்றுவரோம்

The inscription mentions that the Pallava king Dhandhivarman belongs to Bharatwaja kothra was praised as Thilaka Kulothbavan.  and the well digging work was started during his 4th year rule and completed in 5th year rule. The well was dug by Alambakkathu Vijayanallulan thambi ( brother ) Kamban Aryan.  The well is also called as “Marbidigu Kinaru”. The well was taken care by the business group called “moovayirathu thelunutruvar”. This inscription also conveys the message of unstableness of this world and we have to do such good deeds to the society.

THE INSCRIPTION – 2. This inscription is in the form of Poem.
ஸ்ரீ கண்டார் காணார் உலகத்திற் காதல் செய்து நில்லாதேய் பண்டேய் பரமன் படைத்த நாள்பார்த்து நின்று நையாதேய்

தண்டார் மூப்பு வந்துன்னை-த்தளரச்செய்து நில்லாமுன் உண்டேல் உண்டு மிக்குது உலகமும் அறைய வைமிந்நேய்


The Poem says that, people seen today may not be seen tomorrow in this world.   This poem also conveys the unstableness of this world, before we get older and die, we have to  do good deeds to this society.  
( Thanks to Thenkongu Sadasivam & Dr Ma. Bhavani  for the Tamil script ).
HOW TO REACH:
This temple is situated between Trichy to Thuraiyur Road, 13 KM from bus stop.
Town bus is available from Srirangam
Since there is no boarding and lodging facility, the devotees are advised to take care before going to this temple.

LOCATION: CLICK HERE 
 The Panoramic view of the Swastika well 




   View from bottom 
 Bottom of the well
 Inscriptions 
 Inscriptions 
 Inscriptions 
 Reliefs on the lintel supports - Yoga Narasimhar 
 Reliefs on the lintel supports 
 Reliefs on the lintel supports - Perumal with Sridevi and Bhoodevi 
 Reliefs on the lintel supports - seems to be Dhakshinamurthy 
 Reliefs on the lintel supports - Swan 
 Reliefs on the lintel supports - Vinayaga at the centre

 Fragments of statues 
 Fragments of statues 
 Fragments of statues 
 Fragments of statues


---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---